Ce a invatat Tony Blair

Cu doar cateva saptamani inainte de retragerea din functia de prim ministru al Marii Britanii, Tony Blair (laburist) a scris o scrisoare catre The Economist in care spune ce a invatat in cei 10 ani cat timp a fost prim ministru.

Iata cateva pasaje pe care le-am remarcat, cred ca se pot aplica la fel de bine si in Romania sau in orice alta tara membra UE: 

1. Diferente ideologice “de stanga – de dreapta”?

“Open v closed” is as important today in politics as “left v right”. Nations do best when they are prepared to be open to the world. This means open in their economies, eschewing protectionism, welcoming foreign investment, running flexible labour markets.

Isolationism and protectionism now cut across left and right boundaries. They are easy tunes to play but pointless in anything other than the very short-term.

2. Rolul statului

The role of the state is changing. The state today needs to be enabling and based on a partnership with the citizen, one of mutual rights and responsibilities. The implications are profound. Public services need to go through the same revolution—professionally, culturally and in organisation—that the private sector has been through.

The old monolithic provision has to be broken down. The user has to be given real power and preference. The system needs proper incentives and rewards. The purpose should be so that public services can adapt and adjust naturally—self-generating reform—rather than being continually prodded and pushed from the centre. Public-sector unions can’t be allowed to determine the shape of public services.

3. Servicii sociale

Welfare systems work only if there is shared responsibility—the state to provide help, the citizens to use that help to help themselves. The pensions (should be) a system that is affordable and fair between the generations, by ensuring that, though each citizen is guaranteed a basic pension, they will be expected to top that up with their own finances.

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  1. Felicitari pentru articol, nu l-as fi gasit. Am citit toata scrisoarea si ar fi mult de discutat pe margine.
    “There is talk of Britain having a new strategic relationship with China and India bypassing our traditional European and American links. Get real. Of course we will have our own relationship with both countries. But we are infinitely more influential with them if we have two strong alliances behind us.”
    In UK apar periodic curente care cer izolarea de EU si US dar cred ca in globalizarea actuala nu poti face fata singur provocarilor marilor tari ca Rusia, China, India. Iar pana Europa va atinge un grad ridicat de coeziune si intergrare politica, soarta EU e sa ramana sub umbrela americana care i-a salvat pana acum de cel putin 2 ori.
    Mai observ ca intre New Labour si TOries linia de demarcare e tot mai subtire , cel putin la nivel declarativ exsita multe similitudini (vezi raspunsul lui D.Cameron la criza ostaticilor RN in Iran). Dar si pe politica interna New Labour a dovedit de multe ori ca prefera masuri considerate conservatoare.

    Inca ceva ce mi-a placut in scrisoare:
    “We must stand up for our values (…) These values are universal. We should attack the ideology of the extremists with confidence: their reactionary view of the state; their refusal to let people prosper in peace; their utterly regressive views on women. We should condemn not just their barbaric methods of terrorism, but in particular attack their presumed sense of grievance against the West”
    Sper ca in final TB sa ramana in istorie pentru ceea ce a realizat pt UK si nu pentru unele erori care le-a facut pe politica externa.

  2. Intr-adevar, New Labour au cam ocupat atat centrul politic cat si buna parte din dreapta politica traditionala. Relevanta mi se pare lectia 1 cu “open v. closed”.

    Economia Marii Britanii e mai legata de economia UE decat vor unii sa creada. Daca ne uitam la sterlina cum fluctueaza vedem ca e mai degraba legata de euro decat de alte tendinte. Apropos de asta, ar fi si in interesul lor.

    O sa vina Gordon Brown — el este mai deschis catre globalizare dar mai reticent fata de o integrare si mai puternica cu UE.

    Propozitia cu valorile trebuie sa fie aplicate si de Romania pe plan extern. Am vazut azi eliberarea lui Andrei Ivantoc, dupa 15 ani de inchisoare politica in Transnistria. Oare cine tine in brate regimul ilegal si infractional din Transnistria si cum putem noi sa stam la aceeasi masa cu astfel de indivizi?

  3. “The user has to be given real power and preference.”

    Se pare ca Era Digitala bate si la usile politicii.

  4. sincer, si eu as fii sarit peste articolul din revista, daca nu-l remarca Emil.
    dar as vrea sa adaug si o portiune din finalul dedicat politicii interne, care mi s-au parut la fel de interesante
    6. Finally, political parties will have to change radically their modus operandi. Contrary to mythology, political parties aren’t dying; public interest in politics is as intense as it ever was. ….But politics is subject to the same forces of change as everything else. It is less tribal; people will be interested in issues, not necessarily ideologies; political organisation if it is rigid is off-putting; and there are myriad new ways of communicating information. Above all, political parties need to go out and seek public participation, not wait for the public to be permitted the privilege of becoming part of the sect.
    Si ei remarca acelasi pragmatism specific zilelor noastre; sau poate e un semn de insanatosire a societatii noastre (faptul ca impartasim treasee similare cu cei din Liga I).
    Si atunci, cu atat mai interesant mi s-a parut si: 2. The role of the state is changing. The state today needs to be enabling and based on a partnership with the citizen, one of mutual rights and responsibilities. ….Public services need to go through the same revolution—professionally, culturally and in organisation—that the private sector has been through.

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